Distribution in the categories mixed online platforms (GOP & GOP VR)
Music on social media platforms
How distribution in the mixed online categories works, we will show you here.
Mixed online platforms at a glance
What is the source of our revenues?
From online platforms with user-generated content, we collect licensing income (e.g. YouTube, Facebook and TikTok).
Which usage data is used?
Usage reports from online platforms, e.g. from YouTube's Content ID system.
This is how we distribute our revenues:
Distribution is based on the dual distribution model. On the one hand, direct distribution takes place if usage reports are available and complete. On the other hand, missing and insufficient reports are compensated for by a supplementary distribution across almost all categories.
The dual distribution model
Due to missing and incomplete usage data from social media platforms, we distribute in the mixed online platforms categories in two parallel ways:
If usable usage information is available, a usage-based distribution is made. In this way, distribution can take place on a per-work and per-click basis, comparable to the distributions for uses on Spotify or Apple Music.
Music uses that cannot be processed due to missing data are remunerated in the form of a supplement. This is based on the assumption that music content used in other contexts is also used on social media platforms. The supplement is therefore dependent on the volume of uses in other categories.
GEMA continues to work intensively to ensure reporting from YouTube and other platforms.
The supplement relates to the respective annual income of those entitled to receive distributions. Almost all categories are taken into consideration in terms of income, but with different weightings. For this purpose, each platform is taken into consideration in its own right. Only the sum of the usage-based GOP distribution and the GOP supplement results in the remuneration for the use of works on a platform.
The Supervisory Board, based on available empirical data, decides which share of the income from platforms is distributed on a usage basis and which is distributed as a supplement (so-called quota).
The distribution of revenues from YouTube
From YouTube, we currently receive only partially usable usage reports via Content ID. That is why we distribute revenues from YouTube in a dual distribution model.
For the distribution of the years 2019 and 2020, the Supervisory Board has determined the revenue split to be 70% for supplement and 30% for usage reports. For 2021 and 2022, the applicable share is 65% / 35%.
What are views of my work on YouTube worth?
Your song or piece of music is featured in a YouTube video? Here, you can determine the approximate monetary value of these views over the past year.
For more fairness and transparency in the streaming market
In the online sector, and especially in streaming, there is a lack of fairness and transparency for creators. The digital market for creative content must be tailor-made to the needs of the creatives and enable them to earn their economic livelihoods. Therefore, we advocate for better participation of music creators in the revenues of major online platforms. So that our members earn what they deserve.
How GEMA distributes your YouTube royalties
Go to the GEMA Online Portal and click on My financial details to access your account statements.
There, you will find your YouTube distribution amounts for the respective financial year. Due to our dual distribution model, we distribute the click-based and usage-based distribution under the category designation GOP/GOP VR (1st semester and 2nd Semester). You can find the supplementary distribution under GOP/GOP VR (YouTube supplement).
In short: Click-based distribution + supplementary distribution = Total YouTube royalties
If you have any further questions, we are happy to help. Just write to firstname.lastname@example.org.
A quick conversation with...
Josef Eschker. He is departmental manager at GEMA of VR/A Service -Distribution mechanical rights, online and international income.
Together with his team, he is available to members and sister organisations for their queries and claims regarding distributions from YouTube, Spotify or Netflix, regarding CD or DVD mechanical reproductions, and uses of the GEMA repertoire abroad.
Repeatedly, we receive questions related to the GOP distribution by our GEMA members. We would like to take this opportunity to answer them here.
GEMA Pilot project „YouTube Claiming-Tool“
Your works are used on YouTube to a relevant extent, but you do not receive any distribution from GEMA for them? For these cases - in which YouTube usually does not provide GEMA with usable usage reports - we have launched the GEMA pilot project "YouTube Claiming Tool". With it, we give our members the opportunity to make credible uses of their works on YouTube that are not uploaded to their own channels.
For uses in 2021, you can therefore receive an early distribution for up to 10 videos with at least 100,000 views per year. To do so, send us the video links via the "YouTube Claiming Tool". Please note: The distributions for this will be made during the course of the year, but will be offsetagainst the GOP supplement for the fiscal year in question.
To access the YouTube Claiming tool, simply follow this link and click on "Digital".
Important dates and deadlines
Register your works in time:
If possible, register your works directly via our Onlineportal before release, but no later than one month after the end of the month of use.
Send claims on time:
If you receive royalty distributions, please check your settlements. If there are any discrepancies or possible errors, you can of course complain. The sooner, the better - you have up to three months after the date of receipt.
In our mixed online platforms categories, we distribute royalties three times a year, on April 01 and October 01 (direct distribution according to usage reports) and generally on December 1 (supplementary distribution).
FAQ - frequently asked questions about distributions in the mixed online platforms categories
The supplementary distribution includes royalties for pan-European uses of your works on YouTube, Facebook, Instagram, TikTok and Triller for which GEMA has collected licensing income but not received any (usable) usage reports.
Supplement means: you will receive a percentage supplement based on your royalty earnings in other categories. For example, if you received €100 in the online categories, you will receive a supplement of €5.27, as you can see in the table below.
The supplementary distribution is made in accordance with § 182e of the distribution plan as a supplement for the respective annual income of the person entitled to receive the distribution for the financial year 2020. It will be carried out separately according to the following category groups: Performance & communication to the public (BM, DK, DK VR, E, ED, EM, KI, U, UD); radio (R, R VR); television & presentation (FS, FS VR to 1/10, T, TD, TD VR, T FS, T FS VR, VOD, VOD VR); mechanical reproduction & distribution (BT VR, PHONO VR); online (KMOD, KMOD VR, MOD, MOD VR, WEB, WEB VR) and international income (A, A VR).
The rounded, average percentage supplement rates for 2020 income are:
|Category Period Portal||Performance Replay||Radio||TV||Reproduction||Online||Abroad|
|0,15 %||0,33 %||0,14 %||0,35 %||0,49 %||0,28 %|
|GOP VR 2020
|0,09 %||0,21 %||0,09 %||0,19 %||0,31 %||0,18 %|
|0,40 %||1,12 %||0,48 %||0,98 %||1,78 %||0,94 %|
|GOP VR 2020
|0,24 %||0,70 %||0,31 %||0,51 %||1,12 %||0,59 %|
|1,72 %||3,65 %||1,57 %||4,03 %||5,27 %||3,06 %|
|GOP VR 2020
|1,03 %||2,29 %||1,02 %||2,12 %||3,34 %||1,91 %|
In the GOP and GOP VR categories, a commission of 10% is deducted from the distributable amount. In the GOP category, a further 10% is deducted for social and cultural purposes in accordance with § 30 (1) of the distribution plan.
The three-month claim period for pan-European uses on YouTube in 2020 starts with the supplementary distribution as of 1 January 2022. There are two special conditions, which have been determined by the GEMA Supervisory Board:
In order to make use of your works in the categories GOP and GOP VR credible, objective data is required showing for each work the number of retrievals, the usage period and the countries from which the retrievals were made. Apart from that, § 59 of the distribution plan shall apply.
If the rightsholder has already received royalties in the course of the supplementary distribution for mixed online platforms, it will be offset against the distribution claim resulting from a successful claim.
We are happy to help if you have further questions. Simply call +49 (0) 30 21245-600 (Mon-Thu: 9 am to 5 pm, Fri 9 am to 4 pm). Or write an e-mail to email@example.com.
You can submit a claim for an incorrect distribution quickly and easily:
- Log in to the Onlineportal and use the Claims service.
You don’t have access to the Online Portal yet ? Register as a music creator here. You will then receive an e-mail with an activation link to set your password. After that, just fill out the registration form displayed in the Online Portal, and submit it to us. We will inform you after successful activation. Then you can start the service under GEMA Download and download the detailed breakdowns.